Author : Department of the Army
Release : 2006-12-13
ISBN-13 : 9781463607432
Page : 598 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 from 432 voters
The Infantry battalion is the first level of command that includes an assigned staff supporting a commander. The battalion can deploy rapidly, execute early-entry operations, and execute missions throughout the full spectrum of operations. It can conduct effective combat or other operations immediately upon arrival to assist in the prevention, containment, stabilization, or resolution of a conflict.The Infantry battalion can execute military operations in varying terrain and under any visibility conditions throughout the full spectrum of operations. Infantry battalions use, and even seek out limited visibility conditions in tactical and training situations to continually enhance their capabilities. Darkness, fog, heavy rain, and falling snow offer the battalion opportunities to maximize its technical abilities and tactical skills. Infantry battalions are also well suited for restrictive terrain such as mountains, jungles, and urban areas. They are best when used in a combined arms formation, especially when armor, artillery, engineers, aviation, and other joint assets are integrated into the operation. Task organizing combined arms with access to joint capabilities tailors the organization to the mission. This flexibility allows the commander to apply combat power at a designated time and place. An Infantry battalion can be completely wheel mobile using trucks from the forward support company (FSC) and more trucks from the brigade support battalion (BSB). However, the Infantry brigade combat team (IBCT) can only provide this mobility to one Infantry battalion at a time.The primary mission of the Infantry battalion is to close with the enemy by means of fire and maneuver. Its purpose is to destroy or capture him, to repel his assaults by fire, close combat, and counterattack, or all of these. Infantry battalions can deploy rapidly and can be sustained by an austere support structure. They conduct operations against conventional and unconventional enemy forces in all types of terrain and climate conditions. The battalion's composition and training uniquely equip it to conduct its mission. In addition to its primary war-fighting mission, the Infantry battalion might be tasked to perform other types of operations, including stability operations and civil support operations, semi-independently or as an integral part of a larger force. The Infantry battalion can routinely be task organized as part of an IBCT, Heavy brigade combat team (HBCT), Stryker brigade combat team (SBCT), or possibly to a supporting brigade.The inherent capability of the Infantry battalion is linked to that of the BCT to which it is assigned or task organized. The BCT is the primary fighting headquarters of the US Army tactical fight. The Infantry battalion's relatively small, light organization allows it to move rapidly and strategically. As a result, the Infantry battalion functioning as part of the IBCT often arrives in a theater of operations before the HBCTs and SBCTs. BCTs have assigned robust intelligence collection, fires management, and command and control systems. These systems allow the Infantry battalion to maneuver to points of advantage before making physical contact with the enemy. In doing so, the battalion is less likely to conduct movement to contact tactical offensive operations; it is more likely to conduct maneuver to aknown point and to execute deliberate tactical offensive operations. It can accomplish this by using its assigned Army Battle Command System (ABCS) to- * Quickly access the BCT and higher intelligence databases. * Maintain a clear picture of friendly force locations. * Communicate over distance via satellite and digital means. * Quickly communicate orders without the need for face-to-face coordination. All Infantry battalions share the same table of organization and equipment (TOE) and can conduct air assault operations.